Definition of Family Institutions

Definition of Family Institutions
Family Institutions
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The family institution is the smallest social unit in a society consisting of father, mother, and children. In a family, arranged relationships between family members so that each family member has their respective roles and functions. In the formation of a family comes from a marriage that is legal according to religion, customs, and government.
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Examples of Family Institutions
Office of Religious Affairs
religious courts
Child Protection Institute
Indonesian Child Protection Commission
National Population and Family Planning Agency
Family Welfare Consultation Institute
Family Welfare Development
Integrated Service Post
Youth organization
Child and Family Services Foundation
Women's Empowerment and Child Protection Agency
Indonesian Family Planning Association
Office of Women's Empowerment, Child Protection and Family Planning
Focus On The Family
We Love Teens
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The process of forming a family institution
Social life / society wants an order, tranquility in interacting, communicating to meet the number of basic human needs even to the point of supervision without the existence of a social institution that regulates people's lives will not be controlled according to their free will.

Characteristic of a family
Is a social group that consists of various ages and genders.
At least 2 of them have a relationship as husband and wife that are recognized by the community and have family members through a legal marriage.
Have a certain set of social rules that are recognized and implemented jointly by all family members.

Has basic functions, including reproductive, economic, socialization and protection functions.
Occupying a certain place within a certain period
10 Functions of Family Institutions
1. Biological or reproductive functions
Every human being has a biological need, whether male or female. In fulfilling a biological need, there will be a proliferation in the form of offspring. Therefore, the family functions as a means of reproduction.

2. Protective or protective functions
In providing protection for all family members. One reason to form a family is to get guarantees and protection both physically and psychologically.

3. Economic function
In the economic function of the family is very important for life in the family, because the family is a major supporter for the survival of the family. The economic function of the family consisting of earning a living, planning and using it.

4. Educational functions
Parents have the most important responsibilities that must be shouldered. In the family is one of the educational environments that is first absorbed and accepted by children. Father and mother who have an active role in providing education in the family for their children.

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5. The function of socialization
Has a very close relationship with the educational or educational function, because it contains an element of socialization and vice versa.

6. Affective functions
When children are small, affective functions have an important role. He can feel and capture a parent's feelings when the child will communicate with them. Children really need a warm feeling from their parents. Therefore, parents must carry out this feeling function properly so that their children grow up with a healthy soul.

7. Religious function
The family functions religiously, which means the family is obliged to teach and invite their children and other family members to live a religious life according to the beliefs held. Therefore, parents should have to create a religious family life.

8. Recreational function
The family must be able to provide a calm, soul comfort, and peaceful atmosphere in the family. Do not have to always party or relax outside the home, but rather a recreation that can be felt and lived by all family members, far from the commotion and conflict.

Stage of Family Development

Stage of Family Development
1. Pre-Nuptual Stage
At this stage it is marked by a planned and intensive process of recognition between a man and a woman, then followed by an agreement between the two parties to build a family in a marriage bond. This stage is also marked by a process of engagement and engagement.

2. Marriage Stage (Nuptual Stage)
At this stage the marriage is the beginning of the journey of a family that is marked by an event of a marriage contract that is carried out based on religious law and state law followed by a wedding which is usually held based on certain customs. At this stage, the new family begins to convince the stance and attitude of a family that will be shared together.

3. Child Rearing Stage
At this stage occurs after a few years of marriage and the family will be blessed with children. Children are the product of love developed in a family life. Furthermore, in the family is responsible for caring for, raising, and educating children born to maturity.

4. Maturity Stage
At this stage it is marked by an achievement of maturity by children born into a family, in the sense that children are able to stand alone, regardless of dependence with their parents. In forming a harmonious and prosperous family must complement each other and understand each other.

5. The function of social control
The family also acts as a place in social control for family members. The family can make preventive efforts or efforts to prevent family members from doing an act that deviates from the norms prevailing in society.

6. Manifest Function
With their family they can continue the descent (biological function). Older residents in this area are on average large families (have many children). 1al this may be influenced by the motto of people! Safe first 2 many children many fortune 3.
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The role of family institutions
The family is the oldest educational institution, informal, the first and foremost experienced by children and educational institutions that are natural parents are responsible for maintaining, caring for, protecting, and educating children to grow and develop properly.

Family education functions:
As a first experience of childhood
Guarantee the emotional life of children
Instilling the foundation of moral education
Providing basic social education.
Laying the foundations of religious education for children.
The goal is established family institutions
Based on the Qur'an and Sunnah, we can say that the most important goals of family formation are the following:

Establish the Shari'a of Allah in all household problems;
Realizing psychological peace and tranquility;
Realizing the Sunnah of the Prophet. by giving birth to pious children so that humanity feels proud of our presence;
Meeting the love needs of children;
Maintaining the nature of children so that children do not make deviations.

Important Aspects in the Coaching of Prosperous Families in Sociology

Important Aspects in the Coaching of Prosperous Families in Sociology
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Important Aspects in the Coaching of Prosperous Families in Sociology
The family is the smallest unit of society consisting of the head of the family and several people who are gathered and live in a place under a roof in a state of interdependence. The one form of family that is dreamed of is a prosperous family.

Important Aspects in the Coaching of Prosperous Families in Sociology
A prosperous family is formed based on a legitimate marriage and is able to meet the needs of his life both in terms of spirituality and materially, be faithful to God Almighty, and have the same, harmonious and balanced relationship between family members and the community and the surrounding environment.

Important Aspects of Developing a Prosperous Family
In this case it is not easy to form a prosperous family, but this might be achieved if you look at the following four:

Religious Aspects
Religion has a very stable role in fostering a prosperous family, religion which is the answer and solution to the function of human life is a doctrine or system that manages the belief system of "trust" and worship of God Almighty, and the rules relating to the association of humans and humans and its environment.
Therefore, a family must have and hold on to a religion that it believes so that the formation of a prosperous family can be realized in line with what is taught by religion.

Educational Aspects
In this case the education of the family is very important but is often considered not important. Correct ethics must be taught to children from childhood, so that when a child becomes an adult he will behave well. Of course the behavior of parents must also be good and right as a role model for their children. If since childhood a child is taught properly and correctly then the family will be harmonious and if every family teaches the true ethical values then all humans will live side by side and peace.

For this reason the family is the first and main vehicle in children's character education. If the family fails to do character education for their children, it will be difficult for other institutions outside the family, in this case the school to improve it. Failure of the family in shaping the character of children will result in the growth of society that is not characterized.
Therefore, every family must have an awareness that the nation's character is very dependent on children's character education at home. The success of a family in instilling the virtues of "character" in children is very dependent on the type of parenting that parents apply to their children. Parenting can be defined as a pattern of interaction between children and parents which includes the fulfillment of physical, psychological and socialization of the norms prevailing in society so that children can live in harmony with their environment.

Economic aspects
The Indonesian government groups families into 2 types namely pre-prosperous families and prosperous families. In contrast to prosperous families, underprivileged families are identical to families with many children, unable to take proper education, do not have permanent income, do not pay attention to environmental health problems, are vulnerable to diseases, have housing problems and still need to get clothing and food assistance.
Therefore, the concentration of coaching on the family carried out by the government at this time is handling poor families. This can be seen from some of the basic programs of family coaching such as: birth planning "KB", POS integrated services "POSYANDU", free health services, fostering the elderly, providing special housing for pre-prosperous families and the like.

Socio-Cultural Aspects
The development of children between the ages of 3 to 6 years is the development of social attitudes. The concept of social development refers to the behavior of children in relation to the social environment to be independent and able to interact or to become social humans.

Interaction is communication with other human beings, a relationship that gives rise to social feelings that bind individuals with fellow human beings, feelings of community life such as help, giving and receiving sympathy and empathy and friendship and so on.
Thus the discussion about the Important Aspects of Fostering a Prosperous Family in Sociology hopefully with this review can add insight and knowledge to all of you, thank you very much for your visit.

Objectives of Management Principles and Elements

Objectives of Management Principles and Elements
Management Principles - Objectives, Elements, Steps, Factors, Targets, Plans: A general proposition that can be deduced from the process of moving people and moving the facilities that act as a basis for guiding someone in doing actions or carrying out his actions to achieve goals what is desired is called the principle of management.

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Management Principles
The word management comes from the Italian language (maneggiare) which means to control. Especially in the context of controlling horses originating from Latin, namely manus, which means (hand), the French language, then adopts this word from English into management, which means the art of carrying out and managing.
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A general proposition that can be deduced from the process of moving people and moving facilities that act as a basis for guiding someone in doing actions or carrying out his actions to achieve the desired goals is called the principle of management.
Planning is the most important process of all management functions because without planning other functions (organizing, directing, and controlling) will not be able to run.
It can also be formulated simply, planning is the determination of a series of actions to achieve the desired results. A rather complex discussion defines planning as determining what must be achieved. In addition, the planning function includes budgeting. More precisely if planning is formulated as setting goals, policies, procedures, budgets, and programs of an organization.
Plans can be in the form of informal plans or formal plans. An informal plan is an unwritten plan and is not a shared goal of the members of an organization. While the formal plan is a written plan that must be implemented by an organization within a certain period.
A formal plan is a joint plan of a corporate member, that is, each member must know and implement the plan. A formal plan is made to reduce ambiguity and create an understanding of what needs to be done.

Management principles
The only figure who discusses the principles of management is Henry Fayol while the 14 principles of management according to Henry Fayol are as follows.
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Division of Labor (Division of Labor)
The division of labor in an agency is very necessary to distinguish someone in a company whether he is a leader, executive, staff and so forth. Good or bad the division of labor determines a lot of effective and efficient.

World authority and responsibility (Authority and Responsibility)
Every official / leader in a certain body must have power and responsibility, the authority of the authority (authority) is the right to make decisions regarding the duties and responsibilities for the work done.

Discipline (Discipline)
Discipline is something that is the basis for the strength of a company or every party involved in an agency must be disciplined to do a job obeying the rules made by the agency leaders must be able to set an example to subordinates by fulfilling the rules and agreements that have been agreed in advance.

Plan Allocation of Management Resources

Plan Allocation of Management Resources
Plan or plan is a document that is used as a scheme to achieve goals. Plans usually include the allocation of resources, schedules and other important actions. Plans are divided according to scope, time period, specificity, and frequency of use. Based on its scope, plans can be divided into strategic plans and operational plans. The strategic plan is a general plan that applies at all levels of the organization while the operational plan is a plan that regulates the daily activities of members of the organization.

Based on the time period, plans can be divided into long-term plans and short-term plans. Long-term plans are generally defined as plans with a period of three years, short-term plans are plans that have a period of one year. While the plan that is in between the two is said to have an intermediate time frame.
According to its specificity, plans are divided into directional plans and specific plans. Directional plans are plans that only provide general guidelines, not detail. For example, a manager tells his employees to "increase profit by 15%." The manager does not tell him what to do to achieve that 15%.
Plans like this are very flexible, but the level of ambiguity is high. While specific plans are plans that in detail determine the ways that must be done to achieve goals. In addition to asking employees to "increase profits by 15%," he also gave detailed orders, for example by expanding the market, reducing costs, and others.

Steps in Developing Management Principles Planning
Planning itself means planning or planning, consisting of several steps, namely:
Determine and formulate goals to be achieved
Determine who will do and what influences the implementation of the action
Determine what to do, when and how to do it.

Limiting targets and establishing work practices to achieve maximum effectiveness through the process of determining targets.
Gather and analyze information
Develop alternatives
Prepare and communicate plans and decisions.

Factors to Look For
In planning there are several factors that must be considered, among others.
Smart, meaning planning must be smart.
Specific, meaning that planning must be clear about its purpose and scope. Not too wide and idealistic.
Measurable, meaning that the work program or plan must be able to measure its success rate.
Achievable, the meaning can be achieved. So it's not wishful thinking.
Realistic, meaning that it is in accordance with the capabilities and available resources. Not too easy and not too difficult. But there are still challenges.
Time, meaning there is a clear time limit. Weekly, monthly, quarterly, semester, or yearly so that it is easily assessed and evaluated.

Element of Management Principles

Element of Management Principles
There are two important elements of the principle, namely the goal (goals) and the plan itself (plan).

Target
Targets are things that individuals, groups, or entire organizations want to achieve. Goals are often called goals. Goals guide management to make decisions and make criteria to measure a job.
Targets can be divided into two groups, namely stated goals and real goals. Stated goals are goals stated by the organization to the wider community. Targets such as this can be seen in company charter, annual reports, public relations announcements, or public statements made by management.
To set goals and standards used in subsequent functions, namely the process of controlling and evaluating. The process of evaluating or evaluating is the process of comparing plans with existing realities. Without a plan, managers will not be able to assess company performance.

Often these stated goals contradict existing realities and are made only to meet the demands of corporate stakeholders. While the real target is the target that is really desired by the company. Real goals can only be known from the actions of the organization and its members.
There are two main approaches that organizations can use to achieve their goals. The first approach is called the traditional approach. In this approach, top managers provide general targets, which are then reduced by subordinates to more detailed subgoals. His subordinates then lower it again to his men, and continue until it reaches the lowest level.

This approach assumes that top managers are people who know everything because they have seen the big picture of the company. The main difficulty occurs in the process of translating targets by superiors. Often, superiors provide goals that are too broad in scope such as "improve performance," "increase profits," or "develop the company," so that subordinates have difficulty translating these goals and ultimately misinterpret the purpose of the goals.
The second approach is called management by objective or MBO. In this approach, the goals and objectives of the organization are not only determined by top managers, but also by employees. Managers and employees together make goals that they want to achieve. In this way, employees will feel valued so that their productivity will increase. But there are some weaknesses in the MBO approach.

First, negotiation and decision making in the MBO approach require a lot of time, so it is less suitable when applied to a very dynamic business environment. Second, there is a tendency for employees to work to meet their goals regardless of their colleagues, so that teamwork is reduced. Some also say that MBO is just a mere formality, in the end it is only the top management that sets targets.
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Unity of Command in Management

Unity of Command in Management
To facilitate the achievement of objectives, it is necessary to have a unity of orders from superiors to subordinates or an employee receives orders from a superior.

Unity of Direction
With the principle of unity of direction it is intended that a head and his employees must not contradict each other in achieving an overall goal.

The Interests of Indivindu Must Be Under Interest
General (Subordinate of Individual Interest General Interest) This principle is intended that the public interest or the company as a whole must be above personal interests.

Fair Wage Payment (Remuneration of Personal)
In giving wages to employees must be fair or impartial, there are objective basics in setting the wages of each employee.

Centralization
An authority can be centralized and can be delegated to certain officials to smooth the nets of a company.

Scalar Chain or Scalar Chain (Line of Authority)
With this principle it is stated that the line of authority in an organization must be clear.

Order (Order)
In carrying out business ventures there must be order both materially and people so that there are rules that must be implemented.

Justice (Equity)
In order for each subordinate to be loyal to his superiors, each superior must practice justice, that is to give everyone what is his right.

Employee Stability (Stability od Tenure of Personal)
The existence of employees must be maintained stable, not too frequent employee changes either due to removal or dismissal. Employee instability will result in increased costs, both in recruiting, training and also for supervision.

Initiative
Every person or employee is given the opportunity to express or carry out initiatives either on how to work the work procedures or carry out new plans in their work.

The Soul of Unity (Esprits de Corps)
Every employee or manager needs to instill a spirit of oneness or loyalty to the group so that they can work together with a number of people to achieve a common goal.

Objectives of Management Principles
Stephen Robbins and Mary Coulter put forward four management objectives, including:
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To provide direction for both managers and non-managerial employees. With a plan, employees can find out what they have to achieve, who they need to work with, and what needs to be done to achieve organizational goals. Without a plan, departments and individuals might work individually independently, so that the work of the organization is less efficient.
To reduce uncertainty. When a manager makes a plan, he is forced to look far ahead, predict changes, predict the effects of those changes, and plan to deal with them.
To minimize waste. With work that is directed and planned, employees can work more efficiently and reduce waste. In addition, with a plan, a manager can also identify and delete things that can cause inefficiency in the company.